Lattin v. Shamrock Materials, LLC, No. CV-21-0031-PR, 2022 WL 324574 (Ariz. Feb. 3, 2022).
Facts and Procedural History
In 2017, Kristi Lattin sued Shamrock Materials for breach of contract and lost, badly. The trial court awarded Shamrock more than $130,000 in attorney’s fees as the prevailing party, and Shamrock executed on the judgment by garnishing a bank account belonging to Lattin and her husband. Lattin argued that Shamrock could not garnish community funds because her husband was never joined as a party to the breach of contract litigation. Lattin cited A.R.S. § 25-215(D), which says:
[E]ither spouse may contract debts and otherwise act for the benefit of the community. In an action on such a debt or obligation the spouses shall be sued jointly and the debt or obligation shall be satisfied: first, from the community property, and second, from the separate property of the spouse contracting the debt or obligation.A.R.S. § 25-215(D)
After receiving notice of the garnishment, Lattin moved the trial court to enjoin the garnishment proceedings. The court quashed the garnishment because the judgment was only entered against Lattin, not her husband. However, the court stopped short of determining whether the attorney’s fees judgment was a community or separate debt. Shamrock appealed and the court of appeals affirmed. The supreme court granted review.
Pursuing an award of attorney’s fees as the prevailing party in a civil case is not “an action on [a community] debt or obligation” under § 25-215(D). Shamrock did not have to sue Lattin for the attorney’s fees; the award was automatic under § 12-341. “An action” for purposes of § 25-215(D) is “a cause of action based on a community debt or obligation that can result in a damage award.” A request for attorney’s fees after successfully defending a lawsuit does not fall within that definition, and so a defendant is not required to sue the plaintiff’s spouse to recover fees and costs.
The general rule remains unchanged: “[A] party seeking damages from community assets for an unpaid debt or breach of an obligation must join both spouses when asserting a cause of action, whether by complaint, counterclaim, crossclaim, or third-party complaint.” But, this case shows there are exceptions for certain types of claims.
HB2502 became effective on September 29 and amends A.R.S. § 13-2916 to to include “doxxing” as a criminal domestic violence offense.
Doxxing is the act of publicly revealing previously private personal information about an individual or organization, usually through the internet.
The amendment adds the following language to the electronic harassment statute:
Without the person’s consent and for the purpose of imminently causing the person unwanted physical contact, injury or harassment by a third party, use an electronic communication device to electronically distribute, publish, email, hyperlink or make available for downloading the person’s personal identifying information, including a digital image of the person, and the use does in fact incite or produce that unwanted physical contact, injury or harassment. This paragraph also applies to a person who intends to terrify, intimidate, threaten or harass an immediate family member of the person whose personal identifying information is used.A.R.S. § 13-2916(A)(4)
Personal identifying information is defined as: “information that would allow the identified person to be located, contacted or harassed [and] includes the person’s home address, work address, phone number, email address or other contact information that would allow the identified person to be located, contacted or harassed.”
Doxxing is now considered a form of domestic violence and can be used as the basis for an order of protection. See § 13-3601 for the legal definition of domestic violence.
The new version of the Arizona Child Support Guidelines will become effective on January 1, 2022. The guidelines have been updated and reorganized, but retain the same basic structure as the previous version from 2018. This article will focus on significant changes between the 2018 and 2022 guidelines.
Section II.A: Determining Child Support Income
The definition of Child Support Income remains basically the same–broadly defined to include income from all sources before any deductions or withholdings. Seasonal or fluctuating income is annualized and the court may average fluctuating income over periods exceeding one year. Cash value is assigned to in-kind or other non-cash employment benefits. Income does not include benefits from means-tested public assistance programs.
Income from self-employment, rental, or proprietorship of a business remains unchanged. Self-employment income is defined as gross receipts minus ordinary and necessary expenses required to produce income.
NEW: Additional language was added to reflect that parents may work less overtime if it helps them spend more time with the children:
A parent who historically worked overtime when the family was intact may choose to reduce or not to work overtime hours to ensure the parent has meaningful interaction with the child during that parent’s parenting time.
The new guidelines also expand the definition of “extraordinary work regimen” to include “the parent’s relevant medical or personal circumstances.” This language did not appear in the old guidelines.